HEMAN

HEMAN (Heb. הֵימָן), orchestral leader in Israel in biblical times. According to the Book of Chronicles, Heman was related, through the prophet Samuel, to the levite family of Korah and Kohath (I Chron. 6:18). The affiliation of Heman with Samuel indicates the increasing prestige of Heman's house. At first he worshiped together with Jeduthun (ibid. 16:41–42; cf. II Chron. 29:14–15) on the high places of Gibeon where the remains of the tabernacle were preserved. In taking the Ark up to Jerusalem (I Chron. 15:2–3), David participated together with the two families of singers, Asaph and Ethan; when the Temple was built by Solomon (ibid. 6:16ff.), David had already arranged to transfer Heman to Jerusalem (ibid. 25:1), where, together with the families mentioned, he could make music in the Temple, directing his sons (cf. ibid. 25:4–6). Heman and his sons, dressed in linen, made music (II Chron. 5:12), and performed their rites at the east of the altar. In one instance (I Chron. 25:5) Heman is called "the king's (David's) seer." I Chronicles 25 reflects the rise of the Hemanites at the expense of the Asaphites during Second Temple times. -Heman the Ezrahite In the superscription of Psalm 88 the name Heman the Ezrahite is mentioned (similarly, the singer of Psalm 89 is called: Ethan the Ezrahite). "Ezrathite," the native, may indicate continuity with older Canaanite psalmody. According to this genealogy, which relates Heman to "sons of Korah," it appears that the writer establishes a relationship between Heman the Ezrahite and "the sons of Korah," such as exists between them and Heman in Chronicles (see above). But contrary to this I Kings 5:11 mentions Ethan the Ezrahite as well as Heman, Calcol, and Darda, "the sons of Mahol," as great sages who were surpassed in wisdom only by Solomon; and in I Chronicles 2:6 these four are taken as belonging to the family of Zerah b. Judah ("the sons of Zerah: Zimri, and Ethan, and Heman, and Calcol, and Dara"). Various theories have been advanced to reconcile these discrepancies, but it seems that the most probable view is that Ezrahite is identical with Zarhi (agreeing with I Chron. 2:6); Heman the Ezrahite is to be regarded as the father of the singers and related to the "sons of Korah." In ancient Israel singing and wisdom were associated. See, e.g., Psalm 49:4–5. -The Sons of Heman According to I Chronicles 25:5 Heman had "fourteen sons," all of whom assisted "their father in song in the house of the Lord, with cymbals, psalteries, and harps." Since I Chronicles 6:18 establishes Heman's relationship to Korah, the sons of Heman are to be identified (see abraham ibn ezra to Ps. 42:1) with the sons of Korah, to whom Psalms 42–49 and 84–88 have been ascribed and who also are described as singers in the war chronicle dating from the days of Jehoshaphat (II Chron. 20:18). The sons of Heman are spoken of in the days of Hezekiah (II Chron. 29:12); they are not mentioned in the days of Josiah (ibid. 35:15); nor is anything said of them (and "the sons of Korah") in the genealogical lists of Ezra and Nehemiah. Perhaps this reflects a tradition that they were removed from office during the days of Josiah. -ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: S. Japhet, I & II Chronicles (1993), 156–58. (Yehoshua M. Grintz)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Heman — Heman, ein jüdischer Weiser aus dem Geschlechte Serah im Stamme Juda, ein Chorführer der heiligen Reigentänze, dem die Autorschaft vom 88. Psalm zugeschrieben ist …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • HEMAN — fil. Loran, filii Horraei. Gen. c. 36. v. 22. qui 1. Par. c. 1. v. 39. dicitur Homan. Item Fil. Maol. 1. Reg. c. 4. v. 31. et Fil. Ioel. 1. Par. c. 6. v. 33. c. 15. v. 17. et c. 16. v. 41. Vide Morer. Dict. Hist. Nepos Samuelis Proph. unus ex… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Heman — He|man 〈[hi:mæn] m.; od. s, He|men [hi:mən]〉 bes. männlich wirkender, kräftiger, muskulöser Mann [<engl. he „männliches Lebewesen“ + man „Mann“] * * * He|man [ hi:mɛn ], der; [s], Hemen […mɛn] [engl. he man, aus: he = männlich; männliches… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • HEMAN — f. Derhâl, hemen, acele olarak, çarçabuk, o anda HEMAN (HUMÂN) İnce zayıf süngü. * Huysuz ve kötü insan …   Yeni Lügat Türkçe Sözlük

  • Heman — He Man ist der zentrale Charakter der Action Figuren Serie Masters of the Universe, die in den 1980er Jahren weltweit sehr erfolgreich von Mattel vertrieben wurde. Erneute Auftritte hatte er in der direkten Nachfolge Serie He Man: The New… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Heman —    Faithful.    1) 1 Kings 4:31; 1 Chr. 2:6, a son of Zerah, noted for his wisdom.    2) Grandson of Samuel (1 Chr. 6:33; 15:17), to whom the 88th Psalm probably was inscribed. He was one of the seers named in 2 Chr. 29:14, 30, and took a leading …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Heman — (fl. 11th 10th cent, BCE)    Levite musician. He and his sons were among those who performed at the dedication of the Temple (II Chronicles 5:12) …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Heman — He|man auch: He Man 〈[hi:mæn] m.; Gen.: s, Pl.: men [ mən]; umg.〉 bes. männlich wirkender, kräftiger, muskulöser Mann [Etym.: <engl. he man <he »er; männliches Lebewesen« + man »Mann«] …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

  • heman — हेमन् …   Indonesian dictionary

  • heman — (F.) [ نﺎﻤه ] derhal, hemen …   Osmanli Türkçesİ sözlüğü

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